The 10th century saw the zenith of the Umayyad golden age in Andalusia. Under the leadership of ‘Abd ar-Rahman An-Nasir (r. 912-961) and his son Al-Hakam II, this dynasty established sovereignty over the majority of the Iberian Peninsula. The capital Cordoba developed into Europe’s greatest metropolis, a thriving city of half a million, where educational and religious institutions as well as trade and industry flourished in an atmosphere of intellectual ferment. Continue reading “Az-Zahrawi, the Great Muslim Surgeon Who Influenced Modern Medical Science”
From the many manuscripts and artefacts that have remained from medieval Islamic societies, it becomes evident how great the contribution of intellectuals in all areas of science used to be. Many sciences like astronomy, mathematics, medicine, optics, botany and pharmacology blossomed all across the Islamic world and therefore, it is important to have a better understanding of the scientific developments in the past that leave their impact in modern society today. Continue reading “A Muslim Scholar Proposed The Theory of Evolution 600 Years Before Darwin Did”
Along with the first university, and even the toothbrush, there are many surprising Muslim inventions that have shaped the world in which we live today. The origins of these fundamental ideas and objects are the focus of “1001 Inventions”, a book celebrating the forgotten history of 1,000 years of Muslim heritage. From this book, I have summed up ten outstanding Muslim inventions which we still use today.